Beautiful clothing that fit can be yours! Even if you have never sewn before, you can do this!
What is the secret?
Knowing the basic professional math and sewing skills used in industry is the key to producing beautiful clothing.
Here are some of those basic professional skills you need to know to produce beautiful clothing that fits.
Basic rule: Draft clean, cut clean, sew clean
Neatness and accuracy matter! The industry drafts to an accuracy of 1/32 inch. It sews to an accuracy of 1/16 inch.
Each pattern MUST be marked with a straight and a cross-grain line. All tracing MUST be done with drafting tools. Curves can be measured with a tape measure st ood on edge.
Making muslins is a MUST!
The patterns MUST FIT before the fashion fabric is cut. Make and fit a muslin if the pattern has not been cut and sewn before. Correct the pattern before cutting the fashion fabric.
Do NOT cut on the fold!
Use tracing paper. Fold it. Lay its fold on the pattern’s fold. Trace. Turn the tracing over. Trace. Open the pattern and lay over the fabric.
Laying the patterns on the fabric
Fabric must be laid on grain, with the cross grains at right angle to the straight grains.
Lay all patterns the same direction to prevent the possibility of shading.
Just because the straight-grain arrow is parallel to the selvage doesn’t mean the fabric is being cut on grain.
The fabric MUST be on grain WHERE YOU CUT! Check that BOTH the fabric’s straight AND cross grains are on grain at the patterns’ edges.
Cut right-to-left if right-handed, left-to-right if left-handed.
Sew on gauge
If your sewing machine does not have a gauge, you can make one.
1. Assemble a transparent ruler, masking tape, and a waterproof pen with a sharp point.
2. Attach the straight stitch foot and plate to the sewing machine.
3. The distance from the machine needle to the edge of the straight stitch presser foot should be
1/4 inch. Measure to make sure.
4. Lay a transparent ruler’s 3/8 inch line under the machine’s needle, adjusting the ruler so it is parallel to the edge of the presser foot.
5. Tape masking tape along the edge of the transparent ruler to mark the 3/8 inch gauge.
6. Move the ruler to measure and then mark gauges of 1/2, 5/8, and 3/4 inches on the tape.
Written and taught by Laurel Hoffmann, she says, Even now when I look at the finished project, I can’t believe I made it. When I sewed before entering the industry it would be such a disappointment. All that work and money, only to find that the finished project didn’t looked the way I had hoped it would. What a difference knowing industrial skills has made in my life.
© Laurel Hoffmann, 2018.
- 143: Fitting Patterns August 19, 2021
- 144: Gift of the Magi July 23, 2021
- 145: 6 Ways to Improve How You Look and Feel During the Pandemic July 13, 2021
- 142: Sustainability – industry, personal July 3, 2021
- 141: Commercial Home Sewing Patterns Problems May 15, 2021
- 140: Contemporary Fashion Education program May 15, 2021